- 1 Who was mainly responsible for spreading Christianity and where was it spread?
- 2 How did Christianity spread in Europe?
- 3 How did Christianity spread in medieval Europe?
- 4 What symbol was used to openly speak about Christianity?
- 5 How did Christianity gain acceptance in Roman society?
- 6 What are the circumstances that led to the rise and spread of Christianity in Europe?
- 7 Which country is most Catholic?
- 8 How did Christianity spread in Germany?
- 9 How did the church influence people’s lives in the Middle Ages?
- 10 What was the religion in medieval times?
- 11 When did Europe convert to Christianity?
- 12 Why is the fish a symbol for Jesus?
- 13 What is the Greek symbol for Jesus?
- 14 Why do Christians wear a cross?
Who was mainly responsible for spreading Christianity and where was it spread?
After Jesus, the two most significant figures in Christianity are the apostles Peter and Paul/Saul. Paul, in particular, takes a leading role in spreading the teachings of Jesus to Gentiles (non Jews) in the Roman Empire.
How did Christianity spread in Europe?
The Catholic Church started a major effort to spread Christianity around the world. Spiritual motivations also justified European conquests of foreign lands. The Catholic Church set up Christian missions to convert indigenous people to the Catholic faith.
How did Christianity spread in medieval Europe?
In this environment, Christianity spread from Roman Britain to Ireland, especially aided by the missionary activity of St. Patrick with his first-order of ‘patrician clergy’, active missionary priests accompanying or following him, typically Britons or Irish ordained by him and his successors.
What symbol was used to openly speak about Christianity?
Paradoxically a symbol of suffering and defeat but also of triumph and salvation, the cross is the universal Christian symbol, acknowledged by all denominations as the single visual identifier of their faith.
How did Christianity gain acceptance in Roman society?
Over time, the Christian church and faith grew more organized. In 313 AD, the Emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan, which accepted Christianity: 10 years later, it had become the official religion of the Roman Empire.
What are the circumstances that led to the rise and spread of Christianity in Europe?
Many people were tired of Roman state rituals that seemed empty and were attracted to the idea of social equality, justice, and the promise of an afterlife that Christianity offered. Beginning in the Middle East, Christianity began its spread north and west into Europe, carried by merchants, missionaries, and soldiers.
Which country is most Catholic?
According to the CIA Factbook and the Pew Research Center, the five countries with the largest number of Catholics are, in decreasing order of Catholic population, Brazil, Mexico, the Philippines, the United States, and Italy.
How did Christianity spread in Germany?
It was introduced to the area of modern Germany by 300 AD, while parts of that area belonged to the Roman Empire, and later, when Franks and other Germanic tribes converted to Christianity from the 5th century onwards. The area became fully Christianized by the time of Charlemagne in the 8th and 9th centuries.
How did the church influence people’s lives in the Middle Ages?
During the Middle Ages, the Church was a daily presence from birth to death. It provided education and helped the poor and sick. In fact, religion was so much a part of daily life, that people even said prayers to decide how long to cook an egg!
What was the religion in medieval times?
Most people in the Middle Ages lived their lives fully believing in the reality of a spiritual realm all around them and in heaven or hell when they died. At this time, the people of the British Isles were Roman Catholic and the majority of people strongly believed in this religion and its values.
When did Europe convert to Christianity?
The Roman Empire officially adopted Christianity in AD 380. During the Early Middle Ages, most of Europe underwent Christianization, a process essentially complete with the Baltic Christianization in the 15th century.
Why is the fish a symbol for Jesus?
The ichthys symbol is also a reference to “the Holy Eucharist, with which the miracle of the multiplication of the loaves and fishes had such intimate connection both in point of time and significance.” The symbol concerns the belief in the Most Holy Trinity since the early Christian communities.
What is the Greek symbol for Jesus?
In the Latin-speaking Christianity of medieval Western Europe (and so among Catholics and many Protestants today), the most common Christogram became “IHS” or “IHC”, denoting the first three letters of the Greek name of Jesus, ΙΗΣΟΥΣ, iota-eta-sigma, or ΙΗΣ.
Why do Christians wear a cross?
Crosses are often worn as an indication of commitment to the Christian faith, and are received as gifts for rites such as baptism and confirmation. In addition, many Christians believe that the wearing of a cross offers the wearer protection from evil.